Evaluierung von Simulatoren für Edge-Computing-Umgebungen

Dozent / Betreuer:

Prof. Dr. Matthias Böhmer / Jannik Blähser

Kurze Projektbeschreibung:
Ziel ist die Evaluierung von Simulatoren für Edge-Computing-Umgebungen zur Nutzung in Studien und experimentellen Verprobung derselben. Ein geeigneter Simulator sollte am Ende der Arbeit in Betrieb genommen und für Studien zur Verfügung stehen.

Edge Computing ist ein verhältnismäßig neues Paradigma, bei welchem Rechen- und Speicherkapazitäten an den Rändern („Edge“) des Netzwerkes platziert werden, um hierdurch Probleme von reinen Cloudlösungen umgehen zu können (bspw. Latenz, Bandbreitenlimitierung, …). Um solche Edge-Computing-Szenarien im Rahmen von Studien verproben zu können sind reale Netzumgebungen häufig ungeeignet, da hier die Anpassung von Konfiguration und Parametern zum einen mit größerem Aufwand verbunden ist und zum anderen nicht beliebig wiederholt werden kann, da aufgrund physikalischer Gegebenheiten immer gewisse Nebeneffekte zu erwarten sind (bspw. Funkübertragung im Gebäude wird durch Wände beeinflusst). Durch Simulation einer solchen Umgebung sollen diese Probleme behoben werden, sodass konkrete Anwendungsfälle simuliert und in einer kontrollierten Umgebung durchführt werden können.

Zunächst einmal sollen die Studierenden verfügbare Edge-Simulatoren recherchieren und die Möglichkeiten dieser kennenlernen. Dazu zählt auch eine Beschreibung üblicher Features. Das Erkunden der Simulatoren kann erfolgen in dem sie ein konkretes Szenario innerhalb des Simulators durchspielen. Im Anschluss kann eine eigene kleine Studie innerhalb dieses Szenarios durchgeführt, oder ein in der Literatur bereits behandeltes Szenario reproduziert und ausgewertet werden. Ziel ist es dabei herauszufinden wo die Möglichkeiten und Grenzen dieser Simulatoren liegen, welche Art von Studien sich hiermit (nicht) durchführen lassen und den Studierenden einen ersten Einblick in die Durchführung solcher Studien zu ermöglichen.

Eine Quelle zum Einstieg: Aral, Atakan & Maio, Vincenzo. (2020). Simulators and Emulators for Edge Computing. 10.1049/PBPC033E_ch14.

  • Interesse am Bereich verteilter Systeme
  • Bereitschaft sich mit wissenschaftlichen Fragestellungen auseinanderzusetzen und sich in entsprechende Literatur einzuarbeiten
  • Gute Kenntnisse im Bereich Kommunikationstechnik und Netze
  • Verständnis von IT-Architekturen
  • Praxisprojekt
  • Bachelorarbeit
  • Masterarbeit
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